Tying in with the upcoming film, players will control elite demolitions specialist Cole Mathis as he fights the alien threat on both land and sea.
The video game will combine strategic naval combat with first-person shooting in a departure from the classic board game.
It is being developed by Double Helix for Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3, with a unique version made by Magic Pockets for Nintendo Wii, 3DS and DS.
Directed by Peter Berg, the Battleship movie stars Liam Neeson, Rihanna, Taylor Kitsch and Alexander Skarsgard.
The $200 million blockbuster film centres on a naval fleet that encounters an extra-terrestrial force at sea.
Battleship: The Video Game will release April 20 in Europe and May 15 in North America to coincide with the film.