During the ceremony at Grosvenor House in London, BBC Two and BBC Four won four awards each, with Channel 4 taking home three and ITV1 two.
'Best Actor' and 'Best Actress' awards went to David Oyelowo and Naomie Harris for their roles in the BBC One mini-series Small Island.
Wounded, BBC One's programme about young injured soldiers coming home from Afghanistan, scooped 'Best Documentary'.
Celebrating the awards, BBC One controller Jay Hunt said: "I am delighted BBC One got this sort of recognition for brave programming. It's a real tribute to the teams who made such distinctive shows."
Tony Warren took home the 'Lifetime Achievement' prize for creating Coronation Street, which was described by the judges as "the most successful programme in the history of British television".
However, the soap opera failed to gain a nomination in the 'Soap And Continuing Drama' category, which went to BBC One's EastEnders ahead of The Bill and Casualty.
The biggest shock of the night came when BBC Four's Newswipe with Charlie Brooker won the 'Entertainment' award ahead of ITV's flagship formats Britain's Got Talent and The X Factor.
However, Harry Hill beat the BBC's Michael McIntyre to the 'Entertainment Performance' prize for Harry Hill's TV Burp on ITV1.
Louis Theroux won the 'Best Presenter' award for his A Place For Paedophiles documentary, beating James May and Piers Morgan.
BBC Two took home the 'Scripted Comedy' award for The Thick Of It, while Miranda Hart scooped the 'Comedy Performance' gong for Miranda. BBC Four's Mad Men beat Generation Kill and Damages to the 'International' prize.