The corporation will have reporters at all counts across Scotland, along with taking reports from 300 counts around the UK.
Election 2010 Scotland will commence on BBC One Scotland at 10pm, with Glenn Campbell presenting coverage of the winners and losers until 6am.
BBC Scotland editor Brian Taylor will provide analysis of the results and Jackie Bird will cover the latest news from around Scotland and the UK.
Moving into Friday morning, an extended Reporting Scotland programme will run from 7.30am to 8am on BBC One Scotland.
Newsnight Scotland will air later in the day from 11pm to 11.30pm on BBC Two Scotland to reflect on the results and discuss the "fortunes and prospects" of each party.
There will be 20 hours of rolling coverage from the election on BBC Radio Scotland, starting at 10pm with Derek Bateman and Nick Rougvie presenting the Election 2010 programme.
Good Morning Scotland will take over from 6am to 8.45am, followed by Call Kaye giving listeners the chance to air their views on what the election result means to them from 8.45am to 10am.
In another change to the normal radio schedule, a Newsdrive Election Special will run from 12.15pm to 1pm, including Brian Taylor's Big Debate from BBC Scotland's Pacific Quay studios.
"Whatever the result, this looks like being the most exciting general election night for a generation," said BBC Scotland head of news and current affairs Atholl Duncan.
"Our aim is to provide the most extensive coverage and analysis every minute of the way - from the polls closing on Thursday evening, till the dying embers of the debate late on Friday.
"BBC Scotland's election coverage on radio, TV and online will be the best way to follow the UK story and all the results from every corner of Scotland."
The BBC has also confirmed plans to carry its main UK-wide Election Night programme in high definition on BBC HD.