The TV personality, who is credited with helping to bring the principles of French cookery to US homes, died in 2004.
There was fresh interest in her life after she was played by Meryl Streep in 2009 movie Julie & Julia, which told the story of the TV cook's early career alongside the modern day tale of a New York blogger attempting to make all 524 recipes from Child's cookbook, Mastering the Art of French Cooking, during a single year.
Born in Pasadena, California, in 1913 as Julia McWilliams, Child worked for the US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) in the Second World War, where she met Paul Cushing Child, an artist, gourmet and OSS agent who she would go on to marry.
Published in 1961, the weighty Mastering the Art of French Cooking was penned by Child after she had been turned on to French cuisine following her move to France with her husband in the late 1940s.
The acclaimed title spawned the television show The French Chef, which proved a huge hit with audiences and ran for 206 weekly episodes from 1963.
Child went on to make other TV cooking shows, including Julia Child and Company and Dinner With Julia. She won various broadcasting awards for her work and was awarded the Legion of Honour by France.
Google's doodle on its search home page features an illustration of Child with the letters of 'Google' replaced by cooking pots and food.
The doodle is the first posted by Google following its two weeks of special illustrations and animations to celebrate the London 2012 Olympic Games.