Alongside presenting a regular Sunday evening show at 1Xtra, Rodigan with also return to BBC Radio 2 in the summer for a new 13-part series.
In November 2012, Rodigan quit commercial radio station Kiss FM after 22 years over its alleged "refusal" to schedule reggae music at a "socially accessible time".
He said that he was leaving Kiss "with great sadness", but also hit out at the "continued marginalisation of reggae music into the twilight zone of radio scheduling".
Rodigan will now bring his reggae expertise to 1Xtra for a brand new primetime Sunday evening show from 7pm to 9pm, starting on February 17.
The BBC said that he will bring listeners "the best of the reggae scene with the latest fresh sounds alongside classic tunes".
Ben Cooper, the controller BBC Radio 1 and BBC Radio 1Xtra, described Rodigan as a "legend of broadcasting".
"It will be great to listen to him on Sunday evenings on BBC Radio 1Xtra," he said. "It's fantastic to welcome someone with his unrivalled knowledge and passion for reggae to the BBC."
David Rodigan is granted an MBE by Prince Charles, February 2012
Speaking about his new 1Xtra show, Rodigan said: "I am absolutely delighted to be joining BBC Radio 1Xtra where I can share my passion for both new cutting edge reggae and classic cuts, reflecting a genre of music which continues to play a paramount role in urban bass culture music."
The DJ will also return to Radio 2 this summer for a new 13-part series of his Sony award-winning show covering all types of classic roots and reggae from the sixtes to the present day.
Rodigan started his broadcasting career over 30 years ago at BBC Radio London, and has since built his reputation as one of the world's most respected experts on reggae music.
He was inducted to the Radio Academy Hall of Fame in 2005 and has won three Sony Radio Academy Gold Awards - 'Music Broadcaster Of The Year' in 2004; 'Specialist Music Broadcaster Of The Year' in 2009; and 'Specialist Music Broadcaster Of The Year' last year for his Radio 2 series.
He was also given an MBE for services to broadcasting in 2012.