The films scooped five nominations each, with Benjamin Button and Frost/Nixon competing against The Reader, Revolutionary Road and Slumdog Millionaire in the best drama film category.
The five movies are all represented in the best director category, with British filmmakers Stephen Daldry, Danny Boyle and Sam Mendes facing Ron Howard and David Fincher.
Revolutionary Road's Kate Winslet and Leonardo DiCaprio secured nominations in the best actress and actor section respectively. Other lead actors up for awards include Frank Langella (Frost/Nixon), Mickey Rourke (The Wrestler) and Angelina Jolie (Changeling).
Heath Ledger (The Dark Knight), Robert Downey Jr. and Tom Cruise (Tropic Thunder) are all recognised in the best supporting actor section.
In the TV categories, the best drama series will go to either Dexter, House, In Treatment, Mad Men or True Blood.
30 Rock, Californication, Entourage, The Office and Weeds have been shortlisted for best comedy or musical series.
Among the acting nominees are Hugh Laurie (House), Jonathan Rhys Meyers (The Tudors), Steve Carell (The Office), America Ferrera (Ugly Betty) and Tina Fey (30 Rock).
Dames Judi Dench and Eileen Atkins have both picked up nominations for starring in BBC period drama Cranford.
The 2009 Golden Globes take place in Los Angeles on January 11 and are voted for by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA).
> Click here for a full list of Golden Globe 2009 nominees