The actor plays the international terrorist born Ilich Ramírez Sánchez in the three-part film, a five-and-a-half hour cut of which premiered at the Cannes Film Festival.
Ramirez told the press conference for the movie: "We don't see Carlos as a political figure. He's a character who is involved in politics.
"The film refers to politics - but politics and ideology form the context of the film. Politics and ideology are the context in which the character lives, but it's not the subject of the film in my view."
He added: "I think this is a film which talks to us about the struggle between the determination to change the world and also the obsession with carving out a place in history.
"It's a film that talks to us about the struggle between idealism and individualism. I think that these are factors which interest all of us."
> Click here for our review of 'Carlos'