Red Tails is based on the struggles of the Tuskegee Airmen, a group of segregated African-American pilots who flew missions in World War II.
Gooding expressed hope that the movie will teach audiences about the important role African-Americans played in the war.
"Whenever there's a story of African-American contribution, specifically in the war efforts, I jump all over it. To me, it's a healing film for a nation," the star told Parade. "I don't care if you're black, white, whatever, you feel proud to know that our country has created such warriors."
He went on to describe Red Tails as a passion project, saying: "I look at this movie as my love letter to the men and women in our armed services. No matter how screwed up the politics are and war is in general, what they are doing is selfless and heroic and should be celebrated because they provide the freedoms we enjoy."
Gooding also revealed that he personally learned a great deal about the history of African-Americans from the movie.
"At the time, the army was segregated, so they had an all-black airbase, which meant that the chefs were black, the doctors were black, the mechanics were black," he recalled. "It was a community of black people back in a time that was so close to slavery and they were doing everything for themselves. It blew me away."
The star, who led last year's New York City Veteran's Day parade, added: "I also learned that in every major war effort in American history, there have always been black participants. From the Indian Wars, Civil War, WWI, WWII. I didn't know that."
Red Tails, which is produced by George Lucas, opens on January 20 in the US. A UK release date has not yet been announced.
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Watch a Red Tails trailer below: