He will appear alongside Clint Eastwood, Amy Adams and Justin Timberlake in the Robert Lorenz-directed drama, reports Variety.
The movie stars Eastwood as a baseball scout whose eyesight begins to fail him as he and his daughter (Adams) set out on a road trip to Atlanta to check out a new talent.
Goodman will play Pete Klein, an old friend and fellow scout.
Trouble with the Curve will mark a return to acting for Eastwood after a three-year hiatus following 2008's Gran Torino.
Matthew Lillard has also been rumoured to be in the running for a role in the film as a rival scout.
Trouble with the Curve is planned for release on September 28 in the US, with release dates for further countries to follow.
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Watch Clint Eastwood in the Gran Torino trailer below: