Star Chris Evans has revealed the production launch date to Collider.
This puts the film on the same schedule as the first instalment of the franchise, which was released in 2011.
The Marvel Studios comic book movie adaptation has been given a release date of April 4, 2014.
Captain America: The Winter Soldier will see Sebastian Stan's Bucky return as the brainwashed Soviet assassin Winter Soldier, following the storyline written by Ed Brubaker.
Marvel confirmed the movie's subtitle at Comic-Con International in July, also revealing that the sequel to Thor will be called Thor: The Dark World.
Guardians of the Galaxy and Ant-Man films were also officially announced at the event.