Frontman and songwriter Damon Albarn was joined by ex-Clash stars Mick Jones and Paul Simonon as well as Bashy, Kano, De La Soul, Bobby Womack, Bootie Brown and the National Orchestra for Arabic Music for last night's gig at an 11th century fortified palace venue called the Citadel.
Albarn told BBC Newsbeat: "I'm surprised that no one has ever come here before. For us it's just a wonderful experience.
"We're certainly not making any money. We're not looking at it in that context. By virtue of being the first big Western act to arrive in Damascus I think hopefully that's the beginning of a dialogue, and that in itself is meaningful for Syria as a whole."
Kano added: "Damon's that kind of person who'll talk you into doing anything but I wanted to come. It was important for me to come, because the song I'm on ['White Flag'], is the song with the Syrian National Orchestra. I needed to come."
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