Artists such as Robyn and The Vaccines are featured on the album, which will be released via Warner Music Group subsidiary Fueled by Ramen.
The record also features new tracks from Santigold, Michael Penn, 2013 Grammy nominees fun. and Grouplove.
Girls star and creator Lena Dunham posted the album artwork on her Twitter page, writing: "The official @girlshbo soundtrack drops, hard, on January 8th."
The tracklisting for the album's standard edition is as follows:
1. Robyn - 'Dancing on My Own'
2. fun. - 'Sight of the Sun'
3. Harper Simon - 'Wishes and Stars'
4. Santigold - 'Girls'
5. White Sea - 'Overdrawn'
6. Grouplove - 'Everyone's Gonna Get High'
7. Icona Pop - 'I Love It'
8. The Echo Friendly - 'Same Mistakes'
9. Belle & Sebastian - 'I Don't Love Anyone'
10. Fleet Foxes - 'Montezuma'
11. Oh Land - 'White Nights'
12. The Vaccines - 'Wreckin' Bar (Ra Ra Ra)'
13. Lia Ices - 'Love Is Won'
14. Michael Penn - 'On Your Way'
A deluxe edition of the album also includes 'Infinity Guitars' by Sleigh Bells, 'Fool to Cry' by Tegan & Sara, 'With a Girl Like You' by The Troggs and 'Yours Forever' by Generationals.
Girls returns to US screens on Sunday, January 13 at 9pm on HBO. Sky Atlantic will show the first episode of the second season a day later at 10pm in the UK.
Watch the video to 'Dancing on My Own' by Robyn below: