The singer-songwriter's latest album Blunderbuss topped the year-end chart for the format, after shifting over 33,000 units in the US according to Nielson Soundscan's figures.
The feat means that White has toppled The Beatles' classic 1969 album Abbey Road, which has topped the year-end vinyl chart in the US for the past three years.
Meanwhile, vinyl sales were up 16.3% in 2012, with 3.2 million records being sold in the format during the past 12 months.
White is nominated for three Grammy Awards at next month's ceremony, including 'Album of the Year' for Blunderbuss.
Watch the music video for Jack White's latest single 'I'm Shakin' below: