The Diving Board will be the pop icon's 30th studio LP and will be only the second of his main releases since 1979's Victim of Love to be recorded without any of his regular band.
However, long-time songwriting partner Bernie Taupin joins John once again for the record, which contains 13 tracks.
John described the LP as "the most piano-orientated of my career", as well as the "most adult", reports Billboard.
He added that the album will be a mix of gospel, blues, jazz, brass band music, pop and a waltz, calling it "everything I love about American music".
While he has yet to set a release date for the LP, it is expected to be available in September.
John will also headline this year's Bestival in September on the Isle of Wight.
The Diving Board tracklisting is as follows:
1. 'Oceans Away'
2. 'Oscar Wilde Gets Out'
3. 'A Town Called Jubilee'
4 'The Ballad of Blind Tom'
5. 'My Quicksand'
6. 'Can't Stay Alone Tonight'
8. 'Home Again'
9. 'Take This Dirty Water'
10. 'The New Fever Waltz'
11. 'Mexican Vacation (Kids In The Candlelight)'
12. 'Candlelit Bedroom'
13. 'The Diving Board'