The child reportedly tore paper off display boards and climbed onto a table before punching the assistant principal at Fairmount Park Elementary School in March.
Her mother Inga Akins was unable to come to the school immediately to deal with her daughter.
Police were then called to the kindergarten before three officers pinned the girl to the table and handcuffed her, reports The Early Show.
The police released her without charges back into the care of her mother at the station.
The family's attorney John Trevena is to take legal action against St Petersburg police, declaring that the officers had gone "too far".
He added: "You have to look at the whole history in this case. Apparently, there had been a previous conflict between the mother, the assistant principal... and the child.
"The mother's convinced that it was really just a personality conflict between the child and the assistant principal."
St Petersburg police are also conducting an inquiry into the incident.
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