Adam Cudworth used just a balloon and a second-hand camera purchased on eBay for £30 to take the pictures.
The 19-year-old student spent only £200 and 40 hours putting together a homemade box containing a GPS, radio and microprocessor.
The balloon climbed to a height of 110,210 feet (33,592 metres) after he released it on Thursday (September 6).
It took just under three hours to float over 20 miles above the Earth, and was able to capture high-quality views of the planet.
Cudworth was able to track the balloon, which rose to three times the height of a commercial airliner, before it burst and landed in Broadway, Worcestershire, just 30 miles from his home.
The Nottingham University student said: "The onboard video camera recorded great footage close to the ground after launch, however the lens fogged up at about 3km in altitude because moisture got in the lens - but it still looked rather impressive."