The No Country For Old Men star, along with actor Jeffrey Wright and five crew members from Oliver Stone's George Bush biopic W, were arrested at the Stray Cat bar in Shreveport, Louisiana just after 2am on Saturday.
Sgt. Willie Lewis said that police arrived on the scene after receiving a call to deal with rowdy drinkers.
According to The Shreveport Times, Brolin was booked and later released on $334 bail.
W, in which Brolin plays President Bush, is scheduled for release later in the year.
Wright recently appeared as Felix Leiter in Casino Royale.