The Tree of Life actress will star in a revival of Ruth and Augustus Goetz play The Heiress.
"Jessica Chastain is a great actress with chameleon-like prowess and enormous emotional intelligence; I think she's one of the best actresses of her generation. I'm thrilled to be working with her on The Heiress," director Moisés Kaufman said in a statement.
It was recently reported that Chastain will be honoured at the upcoming 23rd annual Palm Springs International Film Festival.
The actress, who appeared in seven films last year, has said that she is not afraid to fail, adding that one learns more if one does not succeed.
The Heiress will open on Broadway in the fall.
Watch the trailer for Jessica Chastain's Coriolanus below: