A spokesperson for the White House said that the celebrity couple and President Obama had spoken about Jolie's work "to raise the profile of preventing mass atrocities and combating sexual violence against women" during the meeting.
Jolie also met with CIA Director David Petraeus to discuss her work with Afghan refugees during her time in the capital, according to The AP.
Jolie and Pitt were in Washington DC to attend a screening of Jolie's directorial debut In The Land of Blood and Honey at the Holocaust Memorial Museum.
In The Land of Blood and Honey, which is about the Bosnian war, has been nominated in the 'Best Foreign Language Film' category at this year's Golden Globe Awards, which take place on Sunday, January 15.
"This was a true collaboration and I am forever indebted to our cast and crew, who experienced their own personal tragedies in the Bosnian War and gave me an authentic perspective into the conflict," said Jolie after the nominations were announced.
"This nomination is a tribute to the collective talent and passion of this extraordinary cast."
> Angelina Jolie: 'I never intended to write, direct Blood and Honey'
> Angelina Jolie: 'In The Land of Blood and Honey cast taught me a lot'
Watch a trailer for In The Land of Blood and Honey below: