Portwood has been charged with two counts of contempt of court, according to E! News.
The original case began in December when she was arrested for drug possession.
Portwood was jailed and told to complete a drug rehabilitation programme, but was recently jailed again after failing to meet the terms of her probation. She was released last week before returning on Thursday, May 24.
Her brother Shawn Portwood has now claimed that she "finally had enough", adding: "The system failed her, and that is all I can say.
"I really feel for my sister. She does not deserve to be there or anything that has happened to her. She is there because of who she is."
The final season of Teen Mom with the original cast is due to premiere on MTV in June.