Amanda Holden and Holly Willoughby were also victorious during the annual event in London, hosted by Graham Norton.
Minogue was given the 'Outstanding Contribution Award' in her 25th year in music - the day after her 44th birthday.
Handed the award by her friend and Scissor Sisters frontman Jake Shears, Minogue dedicated the accolade to her grandmother, her sister Dannii Minogue and her mother Carol.
Jessie J was awarded the 'Best Solo Artist' prize by her Voice UK co-star will.i.am, and she told the crowd: "I've had so much fun. Last year I was a girl, this year a woman because I get my bum out more and I get an award and a goody bag."
Downton Abbey actress Michelle Dockery was given the 'Editor's Special Award', while her on-screen sister Jessica Brown Findlay won 'Best UK Actress'.
Former The X Factor judge Kelly Rowland won the 'Best TV Personality' prize, while Amanda Holden won 'Best Theatre Actress' for her role in Shrek the Musical.
Florence + the Machine took home the 'Best Band' award, with Willoughby recognised as 'Best Presenter'.
Lily Collins was handed the 'Breakthrough' gong, with The Help's Viola Davis winning 'Best Film Actress'. Desperate Housewives star Eva Longoria was recognised with the 'Inspiration' award.
The Avengers actor Tom Hiddleston won the only male prize of the evening, for 'Man of the Year'.
The full list of winners are as follows:
Outstanding Contribution - Kylie Minogue
Icon - Dionne Warwick
Best Solo Artist - Jessie J
Best TV Personality - Kelly Rowland
Best Presenter - Holly Willoughby
Best Theatre Actress - Amanda Holden
Best UK TV Actress - Jessica Brown Findlay
Best US TV Actress - Lea Michele
Editor's Special Award - Michelle Dockery
Best Band - Florence and the Machine
Breakthrough Award - Lily Collins
Inspiration Award - Eva Longoria
Entrepreneur Award - Jessica Alba
Best Film Actress - Viola Davis
Sporting Achievement - Hayley Turner
Man of the Year - Tom Hiddleston
Best Radio Presenter - Fearne Cotton
Accessories Designer - Charlotte Olympia Dellal
Comedy Actress - Sofia Vergara
Writer Of The Year - Caitlin Moran
Gallery - Glamour Women of the Year Awards - red carpet photos: