Marketing executive Phil Schiller unveiled the machine during the company's Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) in San Francisco, where it was confirmed that the new 15.4-inch model will feature the company's patented Retina display.
The new MacBook Pro is being touted as the "world's thinnest" high definition notebook at 0.71 inches, making it one quarter thinner than the current models.
Apple's next generation MacBook Pro measures in at 15.4 inches across, but features a pixel resolution of 2880 x 1800, boasting a record 220 pixels per inch. First-party applications have been given a visual overhaul to take advantage of the new display.
Other hardware specs include a 2.7GHz quad-core Core i7s, up to 16GB of RAM, Kepler GT 650M graphics and 768GB of internal flash storage. It will also support SD, HDMI and USB 3.0, MagSafe 2, Thunderbolt, and USB 3.
What was referred to as "breakthrough work in asymmetric batteries" will offer up to seven hours of power on a single charge.
Picture gallery - Apple's Worldwide Developers Conference announcements:
Copyright: Paul Sakuma/AP/Press Association Images
Apple also announced that the existing 13-inch and 15-inch MacBook Pro models have been given a refresh, while the 17-inch version has bee discontinued.
The 13-inch machine now features the latest Intel Core i5 or Core i7 dual-core processors up to 2.9 GHz with Turbo Boost speeds upped to 3.6 GHz.
Its 15-inch counterpart features the latest Intel Core i7 quad-core processors up to 2.7 GHz with Turbo Boost speeds upped to 3.7 GHz and NVIDIA GeForce GT 650M discrete graphics.
Both the 13-inch and 15-inch MacBook Pro can be configured with a 1TB hard drive or SSDs up to 512GB that are up to twice as fast as the previous generation.
Apple also unveiled next generation editions of its MacBook Air at WWDC.
> Follow our live blog of Apple's World Wide Developers conference
The MacBook Pro ships today, available in 13-inch, 15-inch, and 15.4-inch priced at £999, £1,499, and £1,799 respectively.