The smartphone manufacturer confirmed yesterday (December 26) that it had filed a complaint with the International Trade Commission (ITC) seeking the ban last Friday.
Samsung has accused Ericsson of breaching seven of its patents, Reuters reports. The action comes after Ericsson sued Samsung for patent infringement and sought a similar ban on Samsung's products.
"We have sought to negotiate with Ericsson in good faith," Samsung Electronics said in a statement.
"However, Ericsson has proven unwilling to continue such negotiations by making unreasonable claims, which it is now trying to enforce in court."
It added: "Under such circumstances, we have no choice but to take the steps necessary to protect our company.
"The accused Ericsson products include telecommunications networking equipment, such as base stations."
Ericsson had previously allowed Samsung to use its technologies under a licensing deal, but despite two years of negotiations the deal was not renewed.
Samsung has claimed that the fees requested by Ericsson are too high.
Samsung and iPhone manufacturer Apple have been in an ongoing patent war over their respective products.
Last Friday (December 21), the European Commission accused the South Korean firm of abusing its dominant position in the smartphone market in its bid to stop Apple from using certain technologies believed to be essential for mobile phones.
Earlier this month, District Court Judge Lucy Koh called for "global peace" between Samsung and Apple in their ongoing battle.
Later, Apple failed to secure a permanent US ban on Samsung products, despite its earlier previous $1.05 billion (£665 million) court victory.
Samsung then dropped its Apple lawsuits in Europe "in the interest of protecting consumer choice".