God Save the Queens will chart the history of gay comedians and performers in Britain.
The three-part series will cover the period between Queen Elizabeth's coronation and the present day.
"It starts in 1952 and tells the story of gay performers and the role they have played in changing public perception of homosexuality and becoming national institutions along the way," said production company Twofour in a statement.
"It will be a celebration of achievements and career highlights, as well as a history of how gay rights and our perception of gay performers has changed over the last 60 years."
The series has also been described as "a warm-hearted and intelligent definitive history" of gay performers in British entertainment.
Julian Clary is among the stars expected to contribute, while the three episodes will profile the likes of Carry On stars Charles Hawtrey and Kenneth Williams, stand-up and actor Frankie Howerd and entertainer Larry Grayson.
God Save the Queens is expected to be broadcast this summer, to coincide with the Queen's Diamond Jubilee celebrations.
> Jack Dee to host Sky Atlantic comedy series Don't Sit in the Front Row