Utopia will follow a group of people who find themselves in possession of a manuscript of a cult graphic novel.
The tome is rumoured to have predicted the worst disasters of the last century and the group soon find themselves targeted by a shadowy organisation known only as The Network.
"Utopia is everything you expect from a Channel 4 drama - witty, utterly compelling and impossible to ignore," said Channel 4's chief creative officer Jay Hunt.
"I'm delighted that as part of our increased commitment to new drama on the channel, we're working with one of the UK's leading writing talents, Dennis Kelly."
Kelly recently co-created the musical Matilda, which won a record seven Olivier Awards earlier this week.
Utopia - which enters production later this year - will be directed by Marc Munden (The Crimson Petal and the White) and produced by Rebekah Wray-Rogers (This is England '88).
Kelly will executive produce, alongside Karen Wilson and Jane Featherstone of Kudos Film & TV (Spooks, Hustle).
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