The show will combine elements of drama, documentary, CGI segments and commentary to tell the history of Great Britain and Ireland.
The British will span 2,000 years, from its Roman invasion to the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.
Russell Brand, Dame Helen Mirren and Jessie J will be among the stars who will appear in the series.
Sir Terry Wogan, Lord Robert Winston, Frank Lampard and Colin Jackson will also feature among stars of entertainment, sport, politics and science to share their own thoughts on Britain's history.
Brand said of the series: "It's nice to be able to reach back into the past and feel that you have an identity that's built on an oceanic, rolling history."
Helen Mirren said: "If you wanted to teach someone who knew absolutely nothing about the British people, it would be very good to guide them to Shakespeare – you could see the foolishness, the humour, the brutality; it's all in almost every play."
Chelsea footballer Lampard added: "For me, in modern Britain what we have to do is remind ourselves of our history – try and live up to the standards that the great people who have fought wars for us and what they've given us in the past."
The British will premiere on Thursday, September 6 at 9pm on Sky Atlantic.