Dorothy Koomson's 2010 work will be adapted by Case Sensitive writer Kate Brooke.
Jodhi May (Strike Back) and Lorraine Burroughs (Lip Service) will play the lead roles in ITV1's version, which enters production in Dublin at the end of August.
The Ice Cream Girls tells the story of two women who were accused of murdering their schoolteacher as teenagers. Seventeen years later, both Serena Gorringe (Burroughs) and Poppy Carlisle (May) must confront their dark, shared history.
Set in a seaside town, the three-part thriller will also star Martin Compston (Line of Duty) and Dona Croll (Doctors).
Lucy Dyke of producer Left Bank Pictures said: "We are very excited to be in production on Kate Brooke's captivating scripts, based on Dorothy Koomson's bestselling novel.
"We have a stellar cast in place, led by two strong women, and look forward to bringing this powerful emotional thriller to the screen for ITV1."
Dan Zeff (Doctor Who, Case Histories) will direct The Ice Cream Girls for ITV1.
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