The 31-year-old, famed for playing Alicia Metcalfe in the soap, will be filling in for showbiz editor and Strictly Come Dancing contestant Richard Arnold.
Anderson will present the segment at 7.50am from January 2 to January 4. Arnold will return to the role from January 7 onwards.
Anderson said: "I'm absolutely thrilled to be joining the Daybreak team next week! I can't wait to get started and hope I do the lovely Richard proud."
The Dales actress is following X Factor contestant Rylan Clark in the role. Clark took on the job for a week last month.
At the time, Arnold said: "The wonderful thing about this hurly-burly business we call show is that you know ultimately you will one day be replaced by someone younger, thinner and in this case much taller than you.
"I wish Rylan all the best in his new role at Daybreak."