The period crime thriller - created by Richard Warlow - will air eight new 60-minute episodes in 2014.
Matthew Macfadyen, Jerome Flynn and Adam Rothenberg star in the Sunday night drama, which is set in London's Whitechapel just months after Jack the Ripper's reign of terror.
"Quality and ambition run through Ripper Street, from Richard Warlow's original scripts, the incredible cast and the captivating direction," said the BBC's controller of drama commissioning Ben Stephenson.
"All combine to create a period series with a modern and gripping edge that will return for a second series in 2014."
Ripper Street launched with 7.89m viewers on December 30, with the first episode drawing nearly 90 complaints due to its graphic content.
Series star Macfadyen - who plays Inspector Reid - later spoke out to defend the show, praising its "colourful", "grimy" style.
Ripper Street's first series continues this Sunday at 9pm on BBC One.
> Ripper Street episode five 'The Weight of One Man's Heart' review
> ITV's Mr Selfridge, BBC's Ripper Street neck-and-neck in ratings
Watch a trailer for Ripper Street below: