The network has confirmed that the singer will serve as the lead judge, executive producer and creative partner on the new series, based on the British show of the same name.
Abdul - who stepped down as an American Idol judge last season - will also coach the contestants and give advice as a mentor throughout the competition.
"I've spent the better part of my life teaching, mentoring, nurturing - working with so many talented people - and I consider myself truly blessed to be able to continue to do something that I hold so dear to my heart," she said in a statement.
"Each and every week we'll showcase the challenges and successes of a fantastic group of dancers, as they perform and compete - compelling stories, exciting competition and amazing dance performances are guaranteed."
Jennifer Bresnan, CBS's executive vice president of alternative programming, said that Abdul is the "perfect fit" for the show and that her "expertise will provide great insight and a nurturing, creative energy both behind the scenes and on camera".
Got To Dance - which is a working title - allows dancers of any age, genre and number to compete. The other judges and audition times will be announced shortly.