The Curb Your Enthusiasm star has signed a script deal with the network, The Hollywood Reporter says.
Details of his project have not yet been revealed but he is expected to write, executive produce and star in the show.
Bruce McCulloch, who has previously worked on shows including Saturday Night Live and The Kids In The Hall, will co-write and executive produce the project.
As well as playing Jeff Greene in Curb Your Enthusiasm, Garlin has starred in television shows like Mad About You and Arrested Development.
ABC is also developing a fashion drama called Americana, a show based on the book The Nanny Diaries and an adaptation of recent movie The Lincoln Lawyer.