Island Practice is based on the book of the same name by Pam Belluck, which tells the true story of Timothy Lepore, a medic who has worked on the island of Nantucket since the 1980s.
Amy Holden Jones (Beethoven, Mystic Pizza) will adapt Belluck's work for television, with Lepore himself serving as consultant.
The planned CBS series will be loosely based on Lepore's life, focusing on an "eccentric maverick" who practices "controversial" medicine, according to Deadline.
The project will be produced by 20th Century Fox TV, Imagine TV and 3 Arts Entertainment.
Other TV pilots in the works at CBS include a crime drama from Bones creator Hart Hanson and the sitcom Ex-Men starring House actor Kal Penn.
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