Taylor - previously credited as Eliza Taylor-Cotter - is best known for playing Janae Timmins on Neighbours between 2003 and 2008.
The 23-year-old has now been cast in The CW's sci-fi pilot The Hundred - set almost a century after a nuclear war devastated the Earth - according to Deadline.
Taylor will play Clarke, a young rebel who is part of a 100-strong crew sent back to the planet to rebuild the human race.
Based on the books by Kass Morgan, The Hundred has been adapted for television by Jason Rothenberg and has Bharat Nalluri (Spooks, Torchwood) attached to direct the pilot episode.
Another Neighbours veteran, 22-year-old Adelaide Kane, has also landed the lead in a CW pilot - the actress will play Mary Queen of Scots in the teen drama Reign.
> Tomorrow People, Sleepy Hollow, JJ Abrams: US TV's new cult shows
US TV's most exciting pilots - in pictures: