Tourism Minister Faddy Abboud claims that 'Beirut Is Back', the second episode of season two which aired on Channel 4 on Sunday, did not depict reality as it was filmed in Israel.
CIA officer Carrie Mathison, played by Claire Danes, was shown dodging bullets and fleeing the enemy in the city. A supposed terrorist meeting in Hamra Street involving Hezbollah is later shown.
Abboud, who fears the show could impact tourism, insisted that Hamra Street is actually a thriving neighbourhood with popular shops and cafes.
"This kind of film damages the image of Lebanon. It is not fair to us and it's not true, it is not portraying reality," Abboud told Executive magazine.
"We want to take action, we want to write to the filmmakers and producers and demand an apology. And we are planning to raise a lawsuit against the director and the producer.
"This series has a lot of viewers and if you are promoting Lebanon as a non-secure zone it will affect tourism. It will mean a lot of foreigners stay away if they are convinced by what they see.
"Beirut is one of the most secure capitals in the world, more secure than London or New York. We would like to welcome the crews here to film in this city - we were offended by the fact that they filmed the thing in Israel and said it was Beirut."
Israel and Lebanon are still technically at war. Filming the episode in Beirut would have been difficult because Homeland's co-creator Gideon Raff is Israeli and Israel's citizens are barred from visiting the city.
Homeland production company Fox 21, owned by Twentieth Century Fox, and broadcaster Showtime declined to comment.
Photo gallery - Homeland episode 2: